Skip to content

Publications

The researchers doing the subprojects will be writing monographs, a selection of the papers delivered at the three big conferences will be published in edited volumes, and the PI and the postdoc researcher will write a number of articles for peer-reviewed journals. All publications will be open access.

Michael Butter | Article

Verschwörungstheorien: Eine Synopse

BPJM Aktuell, Bundeszentrale für Kinder- und Jugendmedienschutz (BzKJ).

show more

Michael Butter | Article

The Power of Conspiracy

Reset Europe: Time for Culture to Give Europe New Momentum?, Institut für Auslandsbeziehungen e.V. (ifa).

show more

Michael Butter | Article

Von Hinterzimmern und geheimen Machenschaften. Verschwörungstheorien in Geschichte und Gegenwart

Im Dialog – Beiträge aus der Akademie der Diözese Rottenburg-Stuttgart

show more

Michael Butter | Article

Impfen hilft: Wann Verschwörungstheorien gefährlich sind und was man gegen sie tun kann

Nie wegsehen: Vom Mut, menschlich zu bleiben, Dietz.

show more

Michael Butter | Article

Verschwörungstheorien: Zehn Erkenntnisse aus der Pandemie

Jenseits von Corona: Unsere Welt nach der Pandemie, transcript.

show more

Michael Butter | Online Article

Antisemitische Verschwörungstheorien in Geschichte und Gegenwart

Bundeszentrale für politische Bildung (bpb)

show more

Michael Butter | Online Article

Verschwörungstheorien: Nennt Sie beim Namen

Zeit Online

show more

Michael Butter | Essay

Linke und rechte Verschwörungsgläubige: Die neue Querfront

Spiegel Politik

show more

Michael Butter | Article

Why Do We Believe in Conspiracy Theories?

Cicero Foundation Great Debate Paper

show more

Michael Butter | Article

Verschwörungstheorien: Eine Einführung

Aus Politik und Zeitgeschichte (APuZ), Bundeszentrale für politische Bildung.

show more

Katerina Hatzikidi | Review

Review: Religious Imaginations and Global Transitions: How Narratives of Faith are Shaping Today’s World

Reading Religion

show more

Katerina Hatzikidi | Article

The Worst Is Not over Yet: The Lives and Deaths of the ‘Self’ and ‘Others’ in Brazil’s Response to the COVID-19 Pandemic

Bulletin of Latin American Research

show more

Katerina Hatzikidi | Article

Bolsonaro y el mito del presidente «antiestablishment»

Nueva Sociedad

show more

Katerina Hatzikidi | Article

The tamed and the untameable: How the establishment is serving Bolsonaro’s authoritarianism

Open Democracy

show more

Katerina Hatzikidi | Article

Dois anos após a eleição de Bolsonaro: o Brasil em perpétua campanha eleitoral

Open Democracy

show more

Katerina Hatzikidi | Review

Review: Kapferer, Bruce and Dimitrios Theodossopoulos (eds.) 2019. Democracy’s paradox: populism and its contemporary crisis.

Social Anthropology

show more

Katerina Hatzikidi | Article

Introduction to: A Meteoric Rise to Power? Ethnographic Insights on Brazil’s Conservative Turn

Bulletin of Latin American Research

show more

Katerina Hatzikidi | Article

Existe uma ‘terceira via’ para o Brasil?

Open Democracy

show more

Katerina Hatzikidi | Article

Populism’s ambiguity: Reflecting on bolsonarism

Brazilian Research and Studies Center Blog

show more

Katerina Hatzikidi | Book Review

Sá Motta, Rodrigo Patto. On guard against the red menace: Anti-communism in Brazil, 1917-1964

Brasiliana: Journal for Brazilian Studies

show more

Katerina Hatzikidi | Book Review

Pierre Ostiguy, Francisco Panizza and Benjamin Moffitt (Eds.). Populism in Global Perspective: A Performative and Discursive Approach

Journal of Latin American Studies

show more

Katerina Hatzikidi | Article

Covid conspiracies in Brazil: The old communist spectre revisited

Culturico

show more

Constanze Jeitler | Article

Rechtspopulisten und der Umweltschutz: Mit Hausverstand und Verschwörungstheorien die Welt retten

Der Standard

show more

Constanze Jeitler | Article

Mainstreaming Extremism or Radicalizing the Center: How the Querdenker Movement Challenges the Democratic Order

American Institute for Contemporary German Studies

show more

A Horizon of (Im)possibilities: A Chronicle of Brazil’s Conservative Turn

Edited By Katerina HatzikidiEduardo Dullo

The 2018 presidential election result in Brazil surprised and shocked many. Since then, numerous debates and a growing body of texts have attempted to understand the country’s so-called ‘conservative turn’.

A gripping in-depth account of politics and society in Brazil today, this new volume brings together a myriad of different perspectives to help us better understand the political events that shook the country in recent years. Combining ethnographic insights with political science, history, sociology, and anthropology, the interdisciplinary analyses included offer a panoramic view on social and political change in Brazil, spanning temporal and spatial dimensions. Starting with the 2018 presidential election, the contributors discuss the country’s recent –or more distant– past in relation to the present. Pointing to the continuities and disruptions in the course of those years, the analyses offered are an invaluable guide to unpacking and understanding the limits of Brazilian democracy, including what has already come to pass, but also what is yet to come.

Open access to this publication↗


The Nature of Conspiracy Theories

Michael Butter

Translated by Sharon Howe

Conspiracy theories seem to be proliferating today. Long relegated to a niche existence, conspiracy theories are now pervasive, and older conspiracy theories have been joined by a constant stream of new ones – that the USA carried out the 9/11 attacks itself, that the Ukrainian crisis was orchestrated by NATO, that we are being secretly controlled by a New World Order that keep us docile via chemtrails and vaccinations. Not to mention the moon landing that never happened.

But what are conspiracy theories and why do people believe them? Have they always existed or are they something new, a feature of our modern world?

In this book Michael Butter provides a clear and comprehensive introduction to the nature and development of conspiracy theories. Contrary to popular belief, he shows that conspiracy theories are less popular and influential today than they were in the past. Up to the 1950s, the Western world regarded conspiracy theories as a legitimate form of knowledge and it was therefore normal to believe in them. It was only after the Second World War that this knowledge was delegitimized, causing conspiracy theories to be banished from public discourse and relegated to subcultures. The recent renaissance of conspiracy theories is linked to internet which gives them wider exposure and contributes to the fragmentation of the public sphere. Conspiracy theories are still stigmatized today in many sections of mainstream culture but are being accepted once again as legitimate knowledge in others. It is the clash between these domains and their different conceptions of truth that is fuelling the current debate over conspiracy theories.

Access this publication↗